This is Scientific American 60-second Science, I'm Lucy Huang.You might expect to hear parrots like these in the wild in South America.But these birds are actually nesting in the middle of Chicago.Despite being known as monk parakeets, the green-and-gray squarkers are true parrots.And they've been living in the Windy City since the 1970s. But not just there."There are monk parakeets in many, many states. They're breeding in around 21 states."Jenny Uehling, a Ph.D. student now at Cornell, who was at the University of Chicago when she studied these birds."Certain populations will pop up in certain states and then, you know, disappear,but they're by far the most widespread of any of the species."Uehling wanted to know how many nonnative parrots were living in the U.S.To do this "we used eBird and Christmas Bird Count, or CBC.We use these two databases because they have the largest spatial distribution of data, basically, for the United States."Uehling and her team looked at data collected from 2002 to 2016and deduced that there were 56 different species of parrots living free in 43 states.Of these species, 25 of them had become naturalized,that is "able to successfully breed and maintain their own population without the addition of additional individuals from captivity."Most of these nonnative parrots were either released by owners or escaped from captivity.