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This is Scientific American's 60-second Science, I'm Steve Mirsky.
"Clearly, technology is helping us research the brain, but how is the brain responding to technology?"
NYU neuroscientist Alexandra Ochoa Cohen.
"There's been a lot of mostly negative hype around this issue,
often referred to as screen time, and how it's ruining all of our lives.
And while there've been a few studies that have examined these questions, the truth is that everything we encounter changes our brains.
And we just don't have the data right now to say how meaningful these changes actually are."
Cohen spoke March 21st, at the Cooper Union in Manhattan, during a discussion called Our Brain on A.I. (Artificial Intelligence): Who's In Control, Me or the Machine?
"In fact, a recent study examining over 350,000 adolescents found a small but negative association with technology use and well-being,
but they also found similar relationships between eating potatoes and wearing eyeglasses and well-being.
And yet we don't ask if potatoes and eyeglasses have destroyed a generation."
That study, titled "The association between adolescent well-being and digital technology use,"
appeared this January in the journal Nature Human Behaviour.
"Part of the issue in studying how technology influences our brain
is that there are so many different forms of technology that often all get lumped into one category.
So how we use technology, what specific technology we use, and what we use it for will be important variables to define in future research."
这里是科学美国人――60秒科学系列,我是史蒂夫・米尔斯基。
“显然,技术正在帮助我们研究大脑,那大脑对技术作何反应?”
纽约大学神经系统科学家亚历山德拉・奥乔亚・科恩说到。
“围绕这个问题有很多负面宣传,
通常会提到屏幕时间以及它如何毁掉我们所有人的生活。
虽然有一些研究对这些问题进行了调查,但事实是,我们遇到的每件事都会改变我们的大脑。
只不过目前我们还没有数据能说明这些改变到底有多大意义。”
3月21日,科恩在曼哈顿库伯联盟学院举行的“我们的大脑与人工智能:谁在控制,人类还是机器?”的讨论上发表了讲话。
“事实上,最近一项对超过35万名青少年进行的研究发现,技术使用和幸福感之间存在虽小但负面的联系,
但他们同时发现,吃土豆和戴眼镜与幸福感之间也存在类似的关联。
但我们不会问土豆和眼镜是否毁了一代人。”
这项研究名为“青少年幸福感与数字技术使用的关联”,
发表在《自然・人类行为》今年1月刊上。
“就技术如何影响我们大脑的研究来说,其部分问题在于,
有太多不同形式的技术常常被归为一类。
因此,我们如何使用技术、我们使用哪种特定技术以及我们使用这一技术的目的,将成为定义未来研究的重要变量。”
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