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This is Scientific American ― 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.
Think killer robots. What comes to mind? Maybe...this guy? "I'll be back."
"We are not talking about Terminator.
We're talking about much simpler technologies, which are at best a few years away,
and in fact, many of which you can see under development today in every theater of the war."
Toby Walsh, a professor of artificial intelligence at the University of New South Wales in Sydney.
He spoke February 14th as part of discussion called "Killer Robots: Technological, Legal and Ethical Challenges" at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
"And so these are systems that are using sensors and software processing on their own to determine what constitutes a target
and then applying lethal force to that, without supervision or meaningful human control."
Another speaker, Peter Asaro, co-founder of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control, has participated in U.N. talks on autonomous weapons.
"So what we've really been lobbying is not a sort of complete ban on some specific technical capability
but a more general requirement that all weapons systems should have meaningful human control over the targeting and engagement of those weapons systems."
"We're also quite fearful these could constitute a new kind of weapon of mass destruction,
to the extent that a small group of people or individuals could launch large numbers of autonomous weapons systems
这里是科学美国人――60秒科学。我是克里斯托弗・因塔利亚塔。
想象一下机器人杀手。你想到了什么?也许……是这个?“我会回来的。”
“我们说的可不是终结者。
我们谈论的是简单得多的技术,这些技术最多几年以后就会出现,
事实上,大家可以看到现在许多技术都在各个战场上开发着。”
托比・沃尔什是悉尼新南威尔士大学的人工智能教授。
2月14日,在美国科学促进会会议上,他在讨论“机器人杀手:技术、法律和伦理挑战”时发表了上述讲话。
“机器人杀手自行利用传感器和软件系统来确定目标,
之后在无人监管或人类重要控制下对目标施加致命力。”
另一位发言人、机器人武器控制国际委员会联合创始人彼得・阿萨德在参加联合国有关自主武器的讨论是说到。
“因此,我们一直在游说的并不是完全禁止某些特殊技术能力,
而是更为普遍的要求,即所有武器系统的目标和参与都应由人类来进行严格控制。”
“我们还非常担心,这些机器人可能构成一种新型大规模杀伤性武器,
甚至一小群人或个人就能启动大量自主武器系统,
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