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More than 25 percent of the world's fisheries are overfished, according to the United Nations.
Many communities worldwide depend on the ocean for their livelihoods.
Now, they are struggling to manage resources. A growing number are adopting programs called "catch shares".
These programs try to make fishing more sustainable but critics say they put many fishermen out of business.
The sun is setting fast in Chesapeake Beach, Virginia. Rachel Dean is navigating her family's boat ‘Roughwater' into the port there.
"The deck light."
She and her family make a living by fishing. There are rules that all fishermen must follow.
The old rules set by regional fishery officials' decided how many striped bass fish could be caught in the Chesapeake Bay each year. Rachel Dean explains.
"It was a fishing derby and it was, Green light, go.' Catch all you can and hope that you get your share of the pie."
This would lead fishermen competing to catch fish as quickly as possible.
It also led to overfishing, unsafe and destructive fishing, and other problems.
But last year, officials launched a "catch shares" system for striped bass in the Chesapeake.
根据联合国统计,全世界超过25%的渔场村在过度捕捞现象。
世界各地许多人口依靠海洋维持生计。
现在,他们正在竭尽所能地管理渔业资源。越来越多的渔场采纳了“捕捞份额”的方法。
这些项目旨在使渔业更加可持续性。但是批评家表示,这导致许多渔民破产。
在佛吉尼亚的切萨皮克沙滩,太阳正在快速落下。Rachel Dean正驾驶着家里的Roughwater号渔船进入港口。
“打开甲板灯。”
她和她的家人捕鱼为生。有一些条例是所有渔民必须遵守的。
地区捕鱼官员制定的旧的条例规定了每年只能从切萨皮克海湾捕捉多少鲈鱼。Rachel Dean做出了解释。
“这是捕鱼竞赛,也是给我们开了绿灯。尽最大可能地捕鱼,希望能你能获得捕捞份额。”
这会导致渔民们展开竞赛,尽最快的可能去捕鱼。
但是也会导致过度捕捞,不安全和破坏性捕鱼以及其他问题。
但是去年,官员们在切萨皮克湾启动了鲈鱼“捕鱼份额”系统。
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