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The impact of climate change is so great that it could undermine the last 50 years of gains in global health, according to the Lancet Commission report.
Weather extremes made worse by climate change are potentially catastrophic and unacceptable, says Commission's project leader Nicolas Watts, who spoke to VOA via Skype.
“In terms of drought, we often see corresponding decreases in agricultural productivity, which then in turn has a profound impact on malnutrition, particularly for children,
and floods we often see a rise in the rates of infectious diseases, cholera and diarrheal diseases that happen as a result of a breakdown in sanitation.”
Increasingly, it’s just hotter, which can be deadly. An extreme heatwave in 2003 left 70,000 people dead across Europe.
"And those sorts of events are expected to increase in intensity and severity as time goes on."
The World Health Organization warns that unless dramatic action is taken to reduce global warming emissions by 2030, approximately 250,000 people will die each year from the effects of climate change.
Outdoor air pollution is linked to some three million deaths worldwide, 1.2 million in China alone.
Watts says a shift from coal-fired power plants to renewable energy can greatly reduce that danger.
“We see immediate declines in hospital admissions and in health care costs, which reduces the burden of already struggling health budgets.
柳叶刀委员会的报告指出,气候变化的影响如此巨大,它能削弱过去50年来的全球卫生成绩。
气候变化令恶劣天气越发严重,这可能是灾难性的,是不可接受的,委员会项目负责人尼古拉斯・沃特通过Skype接受了美国之音的采访。
“就干旱来说,它通常会导致农业产量的相应减少,然后会对营养不良产生深刻影响,尤其是对儿童。
而洪灾通常会导致传染疾病、霍乱、腹泻患病率的增加,这是因为洪灾导致卫生设施的崩溃。”
而且气温在越来越热,这可能是致命的。2003年的极热天气导致整个欧洲有7万人死亡,
“以后所有这些气候事件可能会越来越严重。”
世卫组织警告称,除非在2030年之前采取有效行动来导致全球变暖的排放,否则每年将有大约25万人死于气候变化的影响。
室外空气污染导致全世界大约300万人死亡,单单中国就有120万。
沃特称燃煤发电厂转向可再生能源可以大大减少这种危险。
“我们看到入院率和医疗成本很快就下降了,这就减轻了已经很艰难的医疗预算。
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