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So, why is Ramadi such a key battleground in the fight against ISIS?
Well, it's hugely significant,both to the United States as well as to the Iraqi government.
First of all, Ramadi is the capital of Anbar province, which is the largest province in Iraq, but not necessarily the most densely populated one.
And the government of Haider al Abadi, the prime minister, declared that Anbar was going to be the next place it would try to back from ISIS.
So, losing the capital Anbar was certainly a big blow to the Iraqi government.
Also, now that ISIS holds this city, they now have three provincial capitals in Iraq and in Syria.
And we also have to keep in mind that Ramadi has a population of about 500,000 and many of those people are either on the run or under the control of the extremists.
However, Ramadi also has major importance to the U.S. and especially to many U.S. service members who fought in Iraq.
In the years between 2004 and 2006, it was one of the worst battlegrounds for U.S. forces in all of Iraq.
Thousands of United States Marines as well as soldiers fought there, trying to hold the town and take it back from Sunni insurgents.
And many of those insurgents came from a precursor organization of ISIS which was called al Qaeda in Iraq.
And it was really after very tough battles with a lot of casualties that the U.S. managed to win.
And Ramadi also became a turning point in the war in Iraq when the U.S. employed a new strategy,which was called the Sons of Iraq or the Sunni Awakening program,
因此,拉马迪为什么会成为对抗极端恐怖组织“ISIS”的主战场?
恩,这个地方对美国和伊拉克政府而言非常重要。
首先,拉马迪是安巴尔省的首府,这是伊拉克最大,但人口并非最为密集的省份。
而海德尔?艾尔?阿巴迪政府总理宣布安巴尔将成为下一个支持打击极端恐怖组织“ISIS”的地方。
因此失去安巴尔省伊对拉克政府而言无疑是巨大的打击。
而且极端恐怖组织“ISIS” 现在占据这座城市,这样该恐怖组织掌控着伊拉克和叙利亚的3个省会城市。
我们也必须牢记在心的是拉马迪约有500000人口,其中许多人要么在逃要么在极端分子控制之下。
然而, 对于美国拉马迪也十分重要,尤其是在伊拉克战斗的许多美国军人而言。
在2004年至06年之间,这是美国军队在伊拉克糟糕的战场。
数千名美国海军陆战队士兵在这个地方浴血奋战,试图从逊尼派叛乱分子手中夺回城镇。
而且许多武装分子来自极端恐怖组织“ISIS”的前身,那就是伊拉克的基地组织。
那是场非常艰难的战斗,造成很多人伤亡,但美国最终赢得胜利。
而后拉马迪也成为伊拉克战争中的转折点,当时美国开展了被称为“伊拉克之子”或“逊尼觉醒计划”的新策略,
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