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North Dakota's economy is on fire, thanks to developments in technology that allow oil extraction from shale formations deep below the surface.
The process to extract that oil, known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking,is the source of the economic boom for states on top of these deposits.
Now, that prosperity is trickling down to the rest of the country.
Fracking is the miracle that has brought down gasoline prices,Phil Flynn, a senior market analyst with the PRICE Futures Group.
Flynn said the rise in the number of wells,and developing and expanding the system to refine and transport shale oil, are game changers for U.S.energy independence.
The quality of the oil produces more gasoline than your traditional barrel of oil, and refiners in the U.S. are rising to the occasion to take advantage of this.
Austan Goolsbee, a Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago's Booth School of Business,
said that while production of oil and natural gas is dramatically higher in the United States, there is a downside.
There is one issue-the cost of production in North America tends to be higher than in the cheapest places like Saudi Arabia.
And Saudi Arabia knows this, which is why-according to Flynn―OPEC, or the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, of which Saudi Arabia is a leading member,
has so far declined to curb production to maintain high market share.
由于地下深层页岩石油开采技术的发展,美国北达科他州的经济蒸蒸日上。
这种开采页岩油的方式被称作水力压裂技术或液压破碎法,凭借储备量丰富的资源各州经济得以繁荣。
现在,这种经济繁荣正在逐渐席卷全美国。
液压破碎法是个奇迹,它使得汽油价格降低。普利斯集团高级市场分析员菲尔・弗林说道。
他表示油井的增多、提炼和运输系统的发展和壮大对美国的能源独立而言是个转折点。
相比传统,这种品质的油会产出更多的汽油。而且美国的炼油厂商也开始利用这一优势。
而芝加哥大学布斯商学院经济学教授奥斯坦・古斯比
表示虽然这种方法提高了美国的石油和天然气的产量,但也有不利的一方面。
现在的问题是北美石油生产成本一般要高于沙特阿拉伯等的最低成本。
而且沙特阿拉伯方面也已经了解到这一点。菲尔・弗林表示因此石油输出国组织欧佩克的重要成员沙特阿拉伯
一直拒绝限制产量以维持市场高价。
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